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Here are online resources related to or referenced in What's on Your Plate?

General | Overview | Public Health | Rural Communities | Supply Management | Environment | Animal Welfare | Consumer Support

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Alternative Land Use Services (ALUS) (Tyrchniewicz Consulting). (2007). A Preliminary Overview of Potential Cost Reductions and Financial Benefits to Canada. Retrieved from: http://tyrchniewiczconsulting.com/PDFs/Evaluation_ALUS.pdf

Boloh, Y. (2009). Dramatic changes ahead for global meat industry. Feed International. Retrieved from: http://www.fi-digital.com/fi/200910/?pg=20#pg20

Canadian Meat Council. (2010). Canadian Livestock and Meat Industry – 2010 Industry statistics: executive summary. Retrieved from: http://www.cmc-cvc.com/english/industry_statistic_e.asp

Carpenter, S., (2011). Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) as a real option for Carbon Capture & Storage (CCS) – How do we get there? Carbon Capture Journal. Retrieved from: http://www.carboncapturejournal.com/displaynews.php?NewsID=806

Canadian Diabetes Association (CDA). (2010). Access, equity and prosperity for all: Recommendations by the Canadian Diabetes Association for the 2011 Federal Budget. Retrieved from: http://www.diabetes.ca/documents/get-involved/Brief-house-of-commons-EN.pdf

FAO Statistics Division (FAOSTAT). Production & Resource STAT Calculators (Livestock Primary). Rome: FAO. Retrieved from: http://faostat.fao.org/site/569/default.aspx#ancor

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). (2006). Livestock's long shadow: Environmental issues and options. Retrieved from: http://www.fao.org/docrep/010/a0701e/a0701e00.HTM

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). (2009). Meat consumption. Retrieved from: http://www.fao.org/ag/againfo/themes/en/meat/background.html

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). (2010). Livestock and fish primary equivalent, FAOSTAT on-line statistical service. Retrieved from: http://faostat.fao.org/site/291/default.aspx

Food Ethics Council. (2010). Retrieved from: http://www.foodethicscouncil.org/

Government of Canada. (2008). Beyond freefall: Halting rural poverty. Final Report of the Senate Standing Committee on Agriculture and Forestry. Ottawa: Joyce Fairbairn, Chair. Retrieved from: http://www.parl.gc.ca/Content/SEN/Committee/392/agri/rep/rep09jun08-e.pdf

GRAIN. (2006). Fowl play: The poultry industry's central role in the bird flu crisis. GRAIN Briefings. Retrieved from: http://www.grain.org/briefings/?id=194

Lang, S. (2007). Diet for small planet may be most efficient if it includes dairy and a little meat, Cornell researchers report. Cornell Chronicle Online. Retrieved from: http://www.news.cornell.edu/stories/Oct07/diets.ag.footprint.sl.html

New York City Department of Environmental Protection. (2010). New York: New York City and Seven Upstate New York Counties – Effective watershed management earns filtration waiver for New York. Retrieved from: http://water.epa.gov/infrastructure/drinkingwater/sourcewater/protection/casestudies/upload/Source-Water-Case-Study-NY-NY-City-7-Upstate-Counties.pdf

Ochterski, J. (2005). Enhancing pastures for grassland bird habitat. Cornell University Cooperative Extension. Retrieved from: http://www.fingerlakesrcd.org/Documents/Grassland percent20Bird percent20Habitat.pdf

Organization for Economic and Co-operation and Development (OECD) and Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). (2011). Retrieved from: http://www.agri-outlook.org/dataoecd/2/36/48184304.pdf

Statistics Canada (2006a). Agricultural Census Section 1 – A statistical portrait of agriculture, Canada and provinces: census years 1921 to 2006. Retrieved from: http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/95-632-x/2007000/t/4185570-eng.htm#

Statistics Canada. (2006b). Census: Population, urban and rural, by province and territory. Retrieved from: http://www40.statcan.ca/l01/cst01/demo62a-eng.htm

Statistics Canada. (2011). Net Farm Income. Retrieved from: http://www5.statcan.gc.ca/cansim/a05?lang=eng&id=0020009

Statistics Canada. (2011). Net Farm Income – Agriculture economic statistics. Retrieved from: http://www.statcan.gc.ca/bsolc/olc-cel/olc-cel?catno=21-010-X&lang=eng

Public health

Impacts of Industrial Animal Agriculture on Public Health

Canadian Institute for Environmental Law and Policy (Susan Holtz). (2009). Reducing and Phasing Out the Use of Antibiotics and Hormone Growth Promoters in Canadian Agriculture. Retrieved from: http://www.cielap.org/pdf/AHGPs.pdf

Cessna, A.J. et al. (2010). Veterinary antimicrobials in feedlot manure: dissipation during composting, effects on composting processes and extent in ground water. J. Environ. Quality, 40,188-198.

CFA, (2007). Retrieved from: http://www40.statcan.ca/l01/cst01/agri03a-eng.htm

CFIA. (2012) "RG-2 Regulatory Guidance: Feeding of Poultry Manure to Cattle Prohibited." Retrieved from: http://www.inspection.gc.ca/animals/feeds/regulatory-guidance/rg-2/eng/1328859106165/1328859287377 Last modified: February 10, 2012.

CSALE. (1996). Expanding intensive livestock operations in Saskatchewan: Environmental and legal constraints. University of Saskatchewan. Retrieved from: http://www.aginfonet.com/agricarta/content/csale/paper3/contents.html

DANMAP. (2009). Use of antimicrobial agents and occurrence of antimicrobial resistance in bacteria from food animals, foods and humans in Denmark. The Danish Integrated Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring and Research Programme Report. ISSN 1600-2032. Retrieved from: http://www.danmap.org

Environment Canada. (2008). Microbial Source Tracking: New forensic approaches to identify sources of fecal pollution. Retrieved from: http://www.ec.gc.ca/scitech/4B40916E-16D3-4357-97EB-A6DF7005D1B3/MST_En.pdf

Health Canada (Advisory Committee on animal uses of antimicrobials and impact on resistance and human health). (2002). Uses of antimicrobials in food animals in Canada: Impact on resistance and human health. Retrieved from: http://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2008/hc-sc/H164-68-2002E.pdf

Health Canada. (2003). For Your Information: Antimicrobial Resistance. Retrieved from: http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/dhp-mps/vet/faq/amr-ram_fyi-pvi-eng.php

McEwen, S. (2010). Antimicrobial resistance in food animal production. Retrieved from: http://antibioticawareness.ca/wp-content/uploads/downloads/Factsheet_FoodAnimal_en.pdf

Mellon, M. et al., (2001). Hogging It! Estimates of antimicrobial abuse in livestock. Washington, DC: Union of Concerned Scientists. Retrieved from: http://www.ucsusa.org/food_and_environment/antibiotics_and_food/hogging-it-estimates-of-antimicrobial-abuse-in-livestock.html

World Health Organization (WHO). (2000). Retrieved from: http://www.who.int/infectious-disease-report/2000/

Pathogens and Public Health

Canadian Partnership for Consumer Food Safety Education. Food Safety Tips: Factsheet. Cambridge, ON. Retrieved from: www.canfightbac.org/cpcfse/en/safety/safety_factsheets/foodborne_illness/

Health Canada. (2002). Uses of Antimicrobials in Food Animals in Canada: Impact on Resistance and Human Health. Retrieved from: www.hc-sc.gc.ca/dhp-mps/pubs/vet/amr-ram_final_report-rapport_06-27_cp-pc-eng.php#a2

O'Connor, D.R. (2002). Report of the Walkerton Inquiry: Part 1 — The Events of May 2000 and Related Issues. The Walkerton Inquiry, Toronto, ON. Retrieved from: www.attorneygeneral.jus.gov.on.ca/english/about/pubs/walkerton/part1/WI_Summary.pdf

E. coli outbreak in rural Alberta due to manure: http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/calgary/story/2012/06/25/calgary-ecoli-water-alberta.html

Rural communities

The Expulsion of Farm Families

Puratone, one of Canada's largest hog producers, said this regarding its plans to produce more hogs: "This expansion will create new jobs in rural Manitoba and will provide even more opportunity for local farmers to market their products close to home." (June 23, 1999 news release. See www.grainnet.com/articles/UGG_and_ENSIS_Investment_in_Puratone_Complete-4117.html).

In 1991, Maple Leaf Foods Inc. is created through the merger of Maple Leaf Mills Limited and Canada Packers Inc. In 1995, McCain Capital Corporation and the Ontario Teachers Pension Plan Board acquire controlling interest in Maple Leaf Foods Inc. from Hillsdown Holdings plc. In 1999 Maple Leaf's pork processing operation in Brandon, Manitoba begins production. (Summarized from Maple Leaf Foods Inc. "Our History Timeline," online at www.mapleleaffoods.com/en/corporate/company-info/our-rich-history/history-timeline/)

CBC News, "Berwick meat packing plant to close," November 17, 2010. Online at http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/nova-scotia/story/2010/11/17/ns-maple-leaf-foods-berwick.html

CBC News, "Island, Quebec group looking at meat plant," July 12, 2006. Online at http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/prince-edward-island/story/2007/08/30/www.cbc.ca/news/story/2006/07/11/gpm-buyer.html


AAFC. (2011). Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, "Red Meat Market Information: Federally Inspected Hog Slaughter Plants," various years. Retrieved from: http://agr.gc.ca/redmeat/almrt30cal_eng.htm

Agriculture Canada. (2007). Rural Poverty Discussion Paper. Ottawa: A. Burns, D. Bruce & A. Marlin. Retrieved from: www.rural.gc.ca/RURAL/display-afficher.do?id=1247088095854&lang=eng

Government of Canada. (2008). Beyond FreeFall: Halting Rural Poverty: Final Report of the Senate Standing Committee on Agriculture and Forestry. Ottawa. Retrieved from: www.parl.gc.ca/Content/SEN/Committee/392/agri/rep/rep09jun08-e.pdf

Hribar, C. (2010). Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations and Their Impact on Communities. National Association of Local Boards of Health. Retrieved from: www.nalboh.org

OED. (2011). "Quality of Life" Oxford English Dictionary. Retrieved from: www.oed.com

Pew Commission on Industrial Farm Animal Production (PCIFAP) (2008). Putting Meat on the Table: Industrial Farm Animal Production in America. Retrieved from: www.ncifap.org

Statistics Canada. (2011). "Canadian Farm Financial Database: Taxation data program," online at http://cansim2.statcan.gc.ca/cgi-win/cnsmcgi.pgm?Lang=E&CANSIMFile=CFFD-BDFEAC\ESAS_SESA-eng.htm

Statistics Canada. (1997). Historical Overview of Canadian Agriculture, Cat. No. 93-358, August 14. Statistics Canada. 2006. Population, urban and rural, by province and territory. Retrieved from: http://www40.statcan.ca/l01/cst01/demo62a-eng.htm

Weida, W. J. (2002). "The Hog ILO, Its Implications for Rural Economies in Canada and the US and Comments on the Report to Joint Agricultural and Rural Affairs Committee and Planning and Development Committee and Council." Retrieved from: www.sraproject.org/

Supply management

Lind, Svante. (2008, Sept 19). Letter to the Right Honourable Stephen Harper. Verified Eggs Canada. Retrieved from: www.humanefood.ca/pdf%20links/Supply_management_letter.pdf

McConnachie, Leanne. (2010, July 10). VHS Letter to BCFIRB and BCEMB regarding BCEMEB New Producer Program Lottery Review. p. 18-16. Retrieved from: www.firb.gov.bc.ca/reports/eggs/10_jul_16_stakeholder_submissions.pdf

O'Reilly, Gwen. (2008). Orderly Marketing in Canada. Canadian Organic Growers. Winter Newsletter 2008. p. 30-33. Retrieved from: www.cog.ca/documents/TCOG/08Winter-MarketingWinter08.pdf

Romahn, Jim. (2011a). Hudson buys Vermont's largest farm. Agri 007 Blog Post. May 24 2011. Retrieved from: http://agri007.blogspot.com/2011/05/hudson-buys-vermonts-largest-farm.html

Romahn, Jim. (2011b). Egg industry business deals. Agri 007 Blog Post. July 7 2011. Retrieved from: http://agri007.blogspot.com/2011/07/egg-industry-business-deals.html

Gray Ridge squeezes competitors. Agri 007 Blog Post. April 28 2011. Retrieved from: http://agri007.blogspot.com/2011/04/gray-ridge-squeezes-competitors.html

BC's small egg graders disgruntled. Agri 007 Blog Post. Aug12 2011. Retrieved from: http://agri007.blogspot.com/2011/08/bcs-small-egg-graders-disgruntled.html

Shore, Randy. (2010a). Cracks are showing in the egg market. The public wants cage-free eggs, so why is the industry so slow to respond? Vancouver Sun. April 10 2011. Retrieved from: www.canada.com/story_print.html?id=194986b3-c29e-4d62-b18c-0ac580594c3d

Shore, Randy. (2010b). BC farmers to boost production of specialty eggs. Vancouver Sun. Dec 1 2010. Retrieved from: www.canada.com/story_print.html?id=9180bbf1-92e5-434f-aa04-3ced3c3c6155&sponsor

Slater, Ann. (2008). President's Message from the September/October 2007 edition of Ecological Farming in Ontario. Canadian Organic Growers. Winter Newsletter 2008. p. 31. Retrieved from: www.cog.ca/documents/TCOG/08Winter-MarketingWinter08.pdf

The Farm Team. (2011). Quota History. Retrieved from: www.farmsincanada.ca/quota_history.html

WSPA. (2011). Leaders Choosing Cage Free Eggs. Retrieved from: www.choosecagefree.ca/leaders.html


Biello, D. (2011): 'Climate Negotiations Fail to Keep Pace with Science.' Scientific American (December 7). Retrieved from: www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=climate-negotiations-fail

Black, R. (2008, September 7). Shun meat, says UN climate chief. BBC News. Retrieved from: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/7600005.stm

Coote, D.R. & Gregorich, L.J. (2000). The Health of Our Water: Toward sustainable agriculture in Canada, 2000. Ottawa: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. Retrieved from: http://publications.gc.ca/collections/Collection/A15-2020-2000E.pdf

FAO Statistics Division (FAOSTAT). Production & Resource STAT Calculators (Livestock Primary). Rome: FAO. Retrieved from: http://faostat.fao.org/site/569/default.aspx#ancor

FAO. (2007). 'FAO sounds alarm on loss of livestock breeds.' FAO Newsroom, Rome, Sept. 4, 2007, Rome. Retrieved from: http://www.fao.org/newsroom/en/news/2007/1000650/index.html

Federal, Provincial and Territorial Governments of Canada (FPTGC). (2010). Canadian Biodiversity: Ecosystem Status and Trends 2010. Ottawa: Canadian Councils of Resource Ministers. Retrieved from: www.biodivcanada.ca/ecosystems

Germanwatch (2011). Climate change performance index 2012. Germanwatch. Retrieved from: www.germanwatch.org/ccpi.htm

Goodland, R. & Anhang, J. (2009). Livestock and Climate Change: What if the key actors in climate change are cows, pigs, and chickens? World Watch Magazine 22(6). Retrieved from: www.worldwatch.org/node/6294

Marks, R. (2001). Cesspools of Shame: How Factory Farm Lagoons and Sprayfields Threaten Environmental and Public Health. Natural Resources Defense Council and Clean Water Network. Retrieved from: www.nrdc.org/water/pollution/cesspools/cesspools.pdf

McMahon, J. (2007). Streamlining Wastewater Treatment in Poultry Processing. Food Quality Magazine. December/January. Retrieved from: www.foodquality.com/details/article/817077/Streamlining_Wastewater_Treatment_in_Poultry_Processing.html

Nowlan, L. (2005). Buried Treasure: Groundwater Permitting and Pricing in Canada. Walter and Duncan Gordon Foundation. March. Retrieved from: www.gordonfn.org/resfiles/Buried_Treasure.pdf

Animal welfare

Cattle Branding: http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/national/in-defence-of-branding-cattle-albertan-ranchers-on-a-burning-tradition/article4365349/

SPCA Certified: http://spca.bc.ca/farm

Farm Animal Welfare in Canada: Major Problems and Prospects

BC SPCA. (2011). SPCA Certified. Retrieved from: www.spca.ca/welfare/farm-animal-welfare/spca-certified/

Canadian Food and Beverage Industry. (2010). What we bring to the table. Retrieved from: www.cpepc.ca/documents/FBIndBrochureE.pdf

Canadian Pork Council. (2011). Retrieved from: www.cpc-ccp.com

Global Animal Partnership (GAP). (2011). The 5-Step Program. Retrieved from: www.globalanimalpartnership.org

Grandin, T. (1999). Canadian Animal Welfare Audit of Stunning and Handling in Federal and Provincial Inspected Slaughter Plants. Retrieved from: www.grandin.com/survey/canada.audit.html

Grandin, T. (2003). Canadian Welfare Audits. 2002 and 2003 Audits of Stunning and Handling in Canadian Federally Inspected Beef, Pork and Chicken Slaughter Plants. Retrieved from: www.grandin.com/survey/canadian.welfare.audits.html

Grandin, T. (2007b). Interpretation of the American Meat Institute (AMI) Animal Handling Guidelines for auditing the welfare of cattle, pigs, and sheep at slaughter plants. Retrieved from: www.grandin.com/interpreting.ami.guidelines.html

Grandin, T. (2011). 2010 Restaurant Animal Welfare and Humane Slaughter Audits in US Federally Inspected Beef and Pork Slaughter Plants. Retrieved from: www.grandin.com/survey/2010.restaurant.audits.html

Hy-Line International Red Book. (2009). Hy-Line Gray Performance Standards. Retrieved from: www.hyline.com/Redbook/Performance/Gray_All.pdf

National Farm Animal Care Council (NFACC). (2011). Retrieved from: www.nfacc.ca

Schwartzkopf-Genswein, K. (2000). Quality Assurance Practices – Branding. Retrieved from: www.agric.gov.ab.ca/livestock/beef/qa/branding.html

World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE). Retrieved from: http://www.oie.int

Consumer Support for Healthy, Humane and Sustainable Food

Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC). (2010, July). Comparative Consumer Profile, Canada and the United States. Retrieved from: www.ats.agr.gc.ca/info/5645-eng.htm

Baker, L., Campsie, P., & Rabinowicz, K. (2010, June). Menu 2020: Ten Good Food Ideas for Ontario. Metcalf Foundation. Retrieved from: http://metcalffoundation.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/05/menu-2020.pdf

People's Food Policy Project. (2011) Resetting the Table: A People's Food Policy for Canada. Retrieved from: http://foodsecurecanada.org/the-peoples-food-policy-project

Statistics Canada. (2010). Food Statistics 2009. (Catalogue no. 21-020-X). Ministry of Industry. Retrieved from: www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/21-020-x/21-020-x2009001-eng.pdf

World Society for the Protection of Animals (WSPA). (2011). Will Canadians Vote With Their Hearts? A new study commissioned by WSPA reveals Canadians have strong views on animal welfare. Retrieved from: www.wspa.ca/latestnews/2011/will_canadians_vote_with_their_hearts.aspx

Consumer support

Boyle, E. (2012) Consumer support for healthy, humane and sustainable food

More Information

More information about WSPA’s farm animal programs and research:


Curb the Cruelty, 2010 (WSPA Report)


Eating Our Future, 2008 (WSPA Report)


Part of the Poverty Problem, 2007  (WSPA Report)


Next Global Health Crisis, 2005  (WSPA Report)

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